USDA Crop Progress Report: 9.26.22
September 26, 2022
-- Planting progress: Winter wheat planting moved ahead 10 percentage points last week to reach 31% as of Sunday. That is 1 percentage point ahead of the five-year average of 30%. "Montana, Washington and South Dakota were all over 50% planted, while top-producing Kansas was 19% planted, 4 percentage points below its five-year average," noted DTN Lead Analyst Todd Hultman.
-- Crop development: 9% of winter wheat was emerged as of Sunday, 3 percentage points ahead of the five-year average of 6%.
-- Harvest progress: Spring wheat harvest inched ahead 2 percentage points last week to reach 96% complete as of Sunday, 1 percentage point behind the average pace of 97%. "Top-producing North Dakota is 93% harvested, the slowest of the six spring wheat states, but not bad considering the slow planting start earlier this year," Hultman said.
-- Harvest progress: 12% of corn was harvested as of Sunday, Sept. 25, up 5 percentage points from the previous week. That puts the current harvest progress 5 percentage points behind last year's 17% and 2 percentage point behind the five-year average of 14%. "Texas leads the way at 72% harvested, while Iowa is at 5% done and Illinois is 6% harvested," said DTN Senior Analyst Dana Mantini.
-- Crop development: Corn dented was estimated at 92%, 2 percentage points behind the average. Corn mature was estimated at 58%, 3 percentage points behind the five-year average of 61%.
-- Crop condition: 52% of corn was rated in good-to-excellent condition, unchanged from the previous week and 7 percentage points below last year's rating of 59%.
-- Harvest progress: 8% of the crop was harvested as of Sunday, also up 5 percentage points from the previous week. That is 7 percentage points behind last year's 15% and 5 percentage points behind the five-year average of 13%. "Louisiana and Mississippi are well ahead of the pack at 68% and 44% done, respectively, while Illinois and Iowa are 2% and 7% harvested," Mantini said.
-- Crop development: 63% of soybeans were dropping leaves, 2 percentage points behind the five-year average of 65%.
-- Crop condition: 55% of soybeans were rated in good-to-excellent condition, unchanged from the previous week and 3 percentage points below last year's rating of 58%.
WEEK AHEAD IN WEATHER
Farmers should see favorable weather conditions for harvest the first part of this week, but could face some delays later in the week, according to DTN Ag Meteorologist John Baranick.
"The first half of the week is mostly favorable for continued harvest progress," Baranick said. "There are some showers across the northeastern Corn Belt through Tuesday, and a burst of colder air is going to fill in across more of the eastern half of the country, but most areas continue to be mild and dry, a good combination.
"That will be disrupted at the end of the week when a small disturbance moves out of the Rockies and into the Northern and Central Plains late Thursday and Friday. The system will be a slow mover, thanks to Hurricane Ian slowing things down, and will bring periods of isolated to scattered showers across the western half of the Corn Belt through the weekend and into early next week. It is also unlikely that much of the southwestern Plains winter wheat areas see much, if any, precipitation. The drought that continues to be entrenched in the area is bringing some tough conditions for winter wheat establishment.
"For its part, Ian is forecast to make landfall in Florida later this week and spread heavy rain through the Southeast and Mid-Atlantic states Friday through the weekend. Some showers may make it into the far Eastern Corn Belt but is unlikely to make it farther west to the Delta or even Indiana."
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